Traded in the Subaru.

This slideshow requires JavaScript.

2007 Jeep Wrangler X Unlimited Four Door (1 year newer than the Subaru)
96k Miles (600 less than the Subaru)
V6 3.8L 21MPG highway (2 mpg less than the Subaru)
Axle Gear ratio: 4.10 (same as Rubicon, fantastic!)
Dana 44 rear axle (very happy with that!), Dana 30 front axle
Automatic Trans
Four door extended length hard top (thanks for the recommendation, you were right)
Lots of towing capacity
Mint condition interior
34.36 inch tires that don’t rub at all in a turn…
1” Body lift At least a 3-4” suspension lift
Child seat latches
Very smooth ride for a jeep (the other pre-2006 wranglers I test drove made me not want to get one at all!)
Great handling – the suspension & body lift were done RIGHT on this Jeep, very professional job.
1st gear in 4 wheel low feels like one could drive up a brick wall
Plenty of space all over the engine, super easy self maintenance
Purchased a 1yr full coverage warranty
Only 1 previous owner

Safety & Standard Features

3.8-Liter, OHV, 12-Valve SMPI V6
Availability Standard
Type & Description Six-cylinder, 60° V-type, liquid-cooled
Displacement 230.5 cu. in. (3,778 cu. cm)
Bore x Stroke 3.78×3.43 (96×87)
Valve System OHV, 12 valves, roller followers, hydraulic lifters
Fuel Injection Sequential, multiport, electronic
Construction Cast-iron block, aluminum alloy heads
Compression Ratio 9.6:1
Power (SAE net) 205 hp (153 kW) @ 5,200 rpm (53.9 hp/L)
Torque (SAE net) 240 lbs-ft @ 4,000 rpm
Fuel Recommendation Unleaded regular, 87 octane (R+M)/2
Oil Capacity 6 qt. (5.7L) plus filter
Coolant Capacity 13.36 qt. (12.64L) Std.
Emission Controls Three-way catalytic converter, heated oxygen sensors, electronic EGR and internal engine featuresMeets Tier 2 Bin 5 (federal) and LEV 2 (CA) emission requirements
42RLE—Automatic, Four-Speed Overdrive
Availability Optional
Description Electronic governor, electronically controlled converter clutch
Gear Ratios 1st 2.84
Gear Ratios 2nd 1.57
Gear Ratios 3rd 1.0
Gear Ratios 4th 0.69
Gear Ratios Reverse 2.21
Axle Ratio 4.10
Overall Top Gear 2.83
Transfer Case:
NV241 Command-Trac
Type Part-time
Operating Modes 2WD High; 4WD High; Neutral; 4WD Low
Low Range Ratio 2.72:1
Center Differential Type None





Humidifier Tech

The wife & I have been using 3 different humidifiers to try to get a comfortable sleeping environment for us and baby Alexis. I would like to take a moment to report my findings as they may prove to be both surprising and beneficial to other users of humidifiers.

Main points:
1. Not all humidifiers work the same way.
2. Some humidifiers are really bad.

If you do a search for humidifiers on amazon you find hundreds of them with varying humidifying methods.
Here I will list the types in order of worst to best:

Ultrasonic or “Cool Mist”– Cheap and easy to manufacture, these produce cool mist by means of ultrasonic sound vibrations.  These are by far the most frequently seen type of humidifiers I’ve seen while browsing for them. They are also the absolute worst for health.  The EPA has listed these as the single most dangerous humidifier in existence. They not only spread any and all microbes in the water (mildew & other bacteria) into the air, but they also contaminate your breathing air with the minerals found in water. Here’s the deal folks.. These minerals do not belong in your lungs, throat & sinuses. Put a pot of water on the stove and boil it off, see the left over residue? Ultrasonic humidifiers send that stuff into the air for you to breath in. If your city puts chlorine or fluoride in your water, guess what – you’re breathing it in. If you have well water this is especially horrific as it produces a bitter metallic odor and after 3 days of use will have your nasal passages wreaking in pain. If you continue to use these long term you will begin to notice a fine white powder all over EVERYTHING in the area. If you insist on using of these humidifiers use nothing but store purchased distilled water in them to prevent chemical contamination of your breathing air, but nothing will help you against the spread of germs.

Evaporation – These humidifiers transmit moisture into the air by using a fan to blow air through a moistened absorbent material, usually a spongy filter.  This is also a good way to produce massive amounts of any kind of microbe that thrives in moist conditions. Think of a continuously wet gym sock left to mildew for weeks, then put a fan in front of it and blow it into your face. These humidifiers do not distribute minerals, but they’re pretty good at quickly becoming an unsanitary appliance. Don’t use these. They’re horrible. There really isn’t a situation where you would want to use these at all, anywhere, ever…

“Warm Mist” or “Vaporizor” – These boil the water in one way or another & essentially distill the water as it humidifies. They produce super happy fun time moisture devoid of germs and chemicals. The downside is that over time the heating units get completely encrusted with mineral deposits that must be cleaned off. Some humidifiers have mineral deposit collectors that you can simply swap out & throw away.  Based on my research, and the research of the EPA, these are the best humidifiers to use.

Building The Superior Quality Ghillie Suit

To build a durable ghillie you must use durable materials.Pictured here is palm tree raffia from Madagascar purchased from Hobby Lobby as “Madagascar Grass.” Each hanging color you see here comes in a bag for $5.  The dye packs are $2 each and can dye about 5 times the amount shown here. The salt cans (2) cost about $3 each. Be sure to hose down the raffia right after hanging it up before it dries out.
After allowing the raffia to completely dry using a pair of shears the grass is easily cut into manageable piles for later use. I wrap the piles individually with a couple rubber bands when not in use.
The BDU of choice is a high quality multicam with a velcro neck collar. The collar greatly helps with holding down the camo mask, shown later. The pants/jacket shown here were purchased at an army surplus store for about $60 each. Click to enlarge
Many websites sell ghillie netting and ghillie kits with cheap netting prone to fray and rott. You can easily spot the garbage from the good stuff – the garbage looks like plain nylon twine tied together to form a net.It is soft and flimsy when handled.
The good stuff is UV, abrasion & rott resistant interwoven nylon. Its strong, and has a life span longer than the BDU’s you sew it to.It is stiff and not flimsy when handled.
A lot of people suggest using dental floss to sew with, but in my experience it is a poor choice. Unwaxed dental floss is very prone to abrasion and fray. It doesn’t last very long even when glued. Waxed floss doesn’t absorb the glue and ends up with very poor adhesion.  Don’t even think about heavy fishing line.Having tried various things nothing stands up to the test of time and abuse like heavyweight nylon upholstery thread. It is abrasion, UV, mildew & moisture resistant. It also adheres to glue like a champ.
I’ve tried several different types of glues, shoe glue, Goop, rubber cement, and various fabric glues. A product called Liquid Stitch is by far the reining champ. It can be used indoors, doesn’t give off any nasty fumes and adhere’s fantastically to threads and fabrics. It’s also very flexible when it dries and can be used to “rubberize” portions of a ghillie that need extra durability (thumb loops, tie straps). Cost $6 per tube, usually requiring 4-5 tubes per suit.
I use about 90% palm raffia and about 10% burlap strips. Walmart, Academy & pretty much any sporting goods store sells pre-dyed camo burlap hunting blinds. Simply unfold it a bit and cut long strips out 5 at a time to mass produce strips. Cost $15.
Start the building process by laying your netting down on the floor stretched semi-tight and anchored down with some dumbbells or something heavy. Lay out your pants and jacket & safety pin them in place. Cut out the netting to form fit your suit as you see fit; full body for the traditional ‘walking bush’, rear only for the traditional crawl suit, or, like this build, an archery specific cutout.Once the netting patterns are completely cut out, fold the netting over the pants and jacket & safety pin them in place. It will take a long time to sew all the netting in place and the pins will keep the netting aligned while you sew.Start by sewing the perimeter or the netting to the BDU fabric. Put stitches into every single inch of that netting perimeter  anchor it down good. Once you have that done sew across large open areas of the netting and make several spot stitches within the smaller areas. The idea is to keep the netting secure but not  too tied down to the fabric. You need to leave room to tie on the ghillie material. Apply a good amount of Liquid Stitch to all visible thread.
In the picture I have attached tie down strands and rubberized them with Liquid Stitch, as mentioned above.Note the stitching on the shoulder leaves a little extra netting in the pleat gaps as well as runs along the strong seams of the jacket.
Stitch your thumb loops to the sleeves and apply a thick coating of Liquid Stitch to both the stitching and the loops themselves. You’ll need to get your fingers dirty to really rub in the glue but it’ll pay off. The loops will gain tremendous durability by the “rubberization” process.Word of advice – don’t get any glue on the hairs of your arms or legs.. Trying to remove it results in lots of pain.
One completed thumb loop (right) & one awaiting gluing (left).
Starting from the bottom of the jacket, begin attaching the dyed raffia. I have found that an index finger knuckle to fingernail is about the perfect length for spacing. You can mix up the pattern any way you wish, but my personal preference is to go with a perfect balanced mix using a color rotation as I attach the raffia.After each cluster of strands is tied I bend them down into a V so that they overlap with their neighbor strands.
The vertical spacing depends on how long your strands are. The need to be far enough away that they don’t bunch up, but close enough to overlap with the previous layer.Note – “Madagascar Grass” as Hobby Lobby calls it is very tough stuff. It looks like a cactus at first but after a about a weeks worth of trampling through the woods it will be properly conditioned & quite a bit more frayed than you see in these pictures. The ends of the raffia split and tear forming a much greater camouflage texture.
Properly tied down ghillie leaves very little of the original jacket fabric still visible. Not pictured here is the burlap, added later in random places about 10 inches apart, it really gives the suit a perfecting look. By attaching the ghillie in intentionally spaced overlapping rows you leave room to lift up a section & tie in additional material as you see fit – burlap strips, un-dyed raffia for the dead of winter, etc.
Continue up the jacket until you reach the neck & begin on the arms & front.
Once all the raffia is on tie on a few strips of burlap here & there. Don’t worry about pre-fraying it, it’ll break up REAL fast when you start moving around in the trees.In this picture the ghillie around the neck has not been trimmed yet. Depending on your choice of head covering you may want to leave or trim around the neck line.  For this ghillie I chose to make a ball cap cover out of a fully clothed (no mesh) camo lighted bill ball cap, shown later.
For the pants, build just like you did the jacket. For this suit (archery build) I would likely be spending a lot of time crouched on my knees.  The knee pads shown here are not stitched on, simply apply a large amount of Liquid Stitch to the pants, slap on your foam padding, apply some more glue & then the fabric covering.  As a bit of artistic boredom I glued on some raffia bits to the front of them to see how it’d look. I expected it to be gone within the first days use but surprisingly most of it has held up after four outings.No matter what design you go with on the pants make sure you have a section around the ankle for ghillie material. It’s very important to hide your boots if you find a need to go prone.Not required but highly suggested – suspenders. Sew & glue a sturdy set of suspenders to your suit to achieve maximum comfort and ergonomics. It’s a pain in the butt to walk around in the woods with sagging pants.
Now make your head cover. There are many ways – boonie hat, mesh, netting alone, hoodie, etc.  My personal preference by FAR is the plain jane ball cap.  I love having a bill to move the ghillie away from my eyes and to provide side curtains for my face. Unless I’m looking right at you my face is mostly obscured the entire time.It’s very easy to cut the netting for ball caps. Simply cut out 6 good sized pizza slices and sew them to the hat. Glue it up good & you’re set.
This hat happens to be one of those hats that have the dual LED lights on the front, added bonus for those times when you need a light quick.
Tie on your strands, trim around the face & eyes as needed, toss on a little burlap & you’re good.When you put on your cover run your hands along the inside of the hanging ghillie and flare it out so that it rests slightly on your shoulders. This keeps it from from your neck line.
Once in the field the gaps in the netting allow for live vegetation to be inserted. A face mask completes the camo covering for the head.
Trimmed neckline for the hat.Getting poked in the ears and the back of the head constantly is very annoying.
Archer Specific ghillie layout: Leave the bow arm bare on the inside as well as the portion of the chest that the string would be in conflict with. Even the smallest strand of raffia or burlap is enough to throw your shot a mile off as well as endanger yourself and your equipment. A simple strand of raffia or burlap left untrimmed in the wrong place could throw your string off your cams & ruin a really good day.Additionally, I leave a small elastic archers brace attached to my left sleeve to keep the jacket fabric out of the way at all times. (not pictured here) Once the brace is in place netting & additional ghillie can be applied to the back of the forearm if trimmed properly.
Brand new untrimmed & unconditioned archers guillie, pardon the messy room we’re still unpacking believe it or not.
Conditioned front.
Conditioned left.
Conditioned back.
Conditioned right.Conditioning is very important for a suit made of raffia. The suit is ready for use, but not completely broken in. Right now the only part of my suit that is conditioned to my complete satisfaction is the ankle portion. I’ll post another series of shots in a few months of the suits’ conditioning progress.
This picture shows the effectiveness of the suit WITHOUT live vegetation tied in. With live vegetation taken from the plants pictured here it the effectiveness would be ten fold. Note the use of shadow placement.Even without live vegetation in the tie downs the texturing of the raffia gives the suit a very planty-like appearance.In this picture I am in my one knee down one knee up shooting position with head tucked down.
Same as the previous picture, but zoomed in a bit so you can see me looking at the cameraman. I can see completely through with both eyes in that small space in the head area.
One of the suits I use for paintball, this one is winter only using the same material as the archery suit.
Another well conditioned light ghillie. The raffia on this suit is 3-9 years old and has seen very heavy use.

2012 Archery Season Opener

Spent two days in the woods hunting creek beds at Heyburn(Monday) and Lexington(Tuesday).

My morning hunt at Heyburn was fouled by a couple guys with beagles and shotguns stampeding through the forest hunting some sort of small game. 33 ticks from Heyburn as well, much more than in the okc area.

Lexington Went much better as I was not bothered by any other hunters and the deer sign was much more fresh and abundant. Camped a choke point creek bed crossing for several hours with no luck. Saw one set of big boy buck tracks, must have been huge. Slow stalked right by a bedded doe on the way back to the truck and didn’t realize it. Once my scent cone reached her she bleated like the sky was falling not more than 50 feet right behind me before going into warp. All in all a good couple o days hunting. My new ghillie performed as expected but I need to improve on my cover scent for sure.










2012 Iwo Jima Tank Build Log